What is Ethereum?

Ethereum is one of the most well known cryptocurrencies and is consistently the second largest based on market cap.

Ethereum operates as a decentralised ledger of digital records linked using advanced cryptography, or put more simply a Blockchain.

Ethereum is a decentralised blockchain network, meaning it’s not governed by any central authorities, like a corporation or government. Additionally, Ethereum has some ‘first-of-its-kind’ features that made it a long term favourite amongst crypto investors and blockchain enthusiasts.

Ethereum is the ‘world’s programmable blockchain network’, where anyone can code and deploy decentralised applications (DApps) to run on the network. The expansive use cases for the Ethereum network has been seen as one of the key drivers of its current success.

So that’s a quick overview of Ethereum, if you’re interested in some of the finer details keep on reading:

Building the 'world's computer'

The Ethereum blockchain has ‘smart contract functionality’, a smart contract is a self-executable  program that runs on the blockchain network. These Smart contracts enable developers to run and deploy decentralised applications (DApps) on the Ethereum blockchain network.

There are hundreds of DApps on the Ethereum platform including games, decentralised finance applications(Defi) and everything in between. This is why some people in the crypto space have compared the growth and the development of the Ethereum network to ‘building the world’s computer’.

ethereum is online
ethereum token transaction

Decentralised consensus

As the Ethereum blockchain isn’t governed by central authorities, the transactions are validated by stakers.

Ethereum implements a proof-of-stake consensus. Unlike proof-of-work consensus, it is not subject to centralisation. In a proof-of-stake consensus, stakers hold a certain amount of Ether (ETH) as a deposit. The Ethereum algorithm then randomly selects stakers to validate any transactions taking place on the network.

Security not surveillance

In the current age of the internet there is an incredible volume of systems and organisations vying to obtain your data, Ethereum promises robust security.

The applications you generally use day to day are likely managed by a central server at a company who collect, store and often sell your data leaving it vulnerable to being hacked.

Ethereums public blockchain platform combats this, by distributing data across thousands of nodes across the global network. This makes it impossible to hack Ethereum.

ethereum is global

Creating a smart economy

Our current financial systems involve using banks or ‘middle men’ like Western Union to enable transactions between two or more parties. These are often costly and can, even in the age of the internet, take days on end. This can be exacerbated in complex scenarios where funds are transferred between countries.

The Ethereum blockchain enables you to transfer crypto funds across the globe for a fraction of the cost of a traditional transaction within minutes.

Ethereum reduces dependence on intermediaries, creating a smart self-independent economy where everyone can transfer funds at a minimal cost, however large or small the transaction. As time passes this makes Ethereum a more and more attractive proposition for people across the globe.